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Reducing Lines and Wrinkles

People who have noticed the effects of skin aging and sun damage often try to improve their appearance, and using specialist products can help. Cleansers and moisturizers containing ingredients called hydroxy acids enhance the process of renewing the stratum corneum by reducing the strength of the bonds between its cells. Cleopatra is said to have bathed in milk, which contains an alpha-hydroxy acid, to clear her skin.

Alpha-hydroxy acids, often called 'fruit acids', are used in many cosmetic products to speed up cell renewal; lactic and glycolic acids are widely used. Recently a beta-hydroxy acid called salicylic acid has been shown to aid the desquamation process without significantly reducing the water content of the stratum corneum or increasing Trans epidermyl water loss (TEWL), which may result in skin irritation. The beta-hydroxy acids do not penetrate deeply into the epidermis. The regular use of products containing hydroxy acids can make fine lines appear less obvious by enhancing hydration and desquamation.

Another alternative is to use a vitamin complex containing vitamin E, Pro-Vitamin B5 (panthenol) and niacinamide. These three key components deliver benefits via the following mechanisms: Vitamin E, long recognized for its moisturizing and antioxidant properties; Pro-Vitamin B5 (panthenol) a humectant effective at counteracting the dryness that often occurs in aging skin; and niacinamide (Vitamin B3), which in combintaion with these two vitamins increases the rate of skin exfoliation and increases moisture barrier repair. Because the ingredients are extremly stable and do not break down in the presense of external factors such as oxygen or light, their intrinsic benefits can be fully realized when applied to the skin. Additionally, this complex enhances the skin's beauty while promoting its health. In other words, it offers outstanding exfoliation benefits, as discussed above with hydroxy acids, while impoving the condition of the skin's moisture barrier, a function considered by dermatologists as critical to healthy skin.


INCI name Function

Water Solvent
PPG-15 stearyl ester Salicylic acid solubiliser
Glycerin Skin conditioning agent/humectant
Stearyl alcohol Thickener/stabiliser
Salicylic acid Exfoliant/Beta Hydroxy Acid
Cetyl betaine Surfactant/cleansing agent
Distearyldimonium chloride Thickener
Sodium lauryl sulfate Surfactant/cleansing agent
Oxidised polyethylene Exfoliant agent
Fragrance Fragrance
Cetyl alcohol Thickener/stabiliser
Behenyl alcohol Thickener/stabiliser
Steareth-21 Emulsifier
Steareth-2 Emulsifier
PPG-30 Salicylic acid stabiliser
Disodium EDTA Chelator


The ingredients of a high-quality modern cleanser containing salicylic acid (a beta-hydroxy acid, an aid to desquamation), and their functions.

All life depends upon the sun. Unfortunately, some people have a terrible price to pay.

All life depends upon the sun. Unfortunately, some people have a terrible price to pay.

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